Often you will want to store multiple items of related information. This could be as simple as a few colour options for your turtle to use in turn, or a complex combination of data.
Lists are created by specifying a variable, and assigning data to it using the assignment operator. You can create a list with or without existing data:
To add an item to a list, use the ‘append’ function. Note that you have to specify what you are appending to – in this case, the ‘kings’ list created earlier.
You will often want to perform the same action on a list over and over, for example, when printing each item in the list, or producing a sum of each number stored.
Sometimes you might need to access a specific item in a list. If you know where in the list it was stored, you can use the index of the item to access it. Lists indices start at 0 and each item is added to the next empty ‘slot’. If we add another item to our list of kings, it would look like this:
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